On May 13, the reporter learned from the press conference that in 2020, the permanent population of our province is 64,567,588. Compared with the 54,426,891 people in the sixth national census in 2010, a total of 10,140,697 people increased over the past ten years, an increase of 18.63%, and an average annual increase of 1.72%. Among the provinces with relatively large population growth, Zhejiang ranked second in terms of increment. Hangzhou has replaced Wenzhou as the most populous city in our province.
The sex ratio of the total population has increased significantly, which reaches 109.04. Among the permanent residents of the province, the male population is 3,368,008, accounting for 52.16%; the female population is 30,887,580, accounting for 47.84%. According to preliminary analysis, the increase in the sex ratio is mainly due to the fact that the male population of the inflows from outside the province is about 60%, which is significantly more than the female population.
The proportion of urban population is increasing. Among the permanent residents of the province, the population living in cities and towns is 46,598,465, accounting for 72.17%, which is significantly higher than the national level of 63.89%; the population living in the countryside is 17,969,123, accounting for 27.83%. Compared with 2010, the urban population has increased by 13,048,256, while the rural population has decreased by 2,907,559, and the proportion of the urban population increased by 10.55%.
As a developed coastal province, Zhejiang has attracted a large number of people from outside the province due to its vital economic development and a good entrepreneurial and business environment. The results of the census shows that compared with 2010, the number of people who are not registered as permanent residents in the province increased by 10,206,952, an increase of 51.29%; the floating population increased by 6,938,805, an increase of 37.27%.
From the current point of view, Hangzhou, Ningbo, Wenzhou, and Jinhua are the regions with the largest inflows of people outside the province, accounting for 66.8% of the province’s inflows. Correspondingly, in the ranking of total urban population, the top 4 cities are Hangzhou, Wenzhou, Ningbo, and Jinhua; the ranking has changed significantly as compared with the top 4 in 2010, which was Wenzhou, Hangzhou, Ningbo, and Taizhou.
Hangzhou is the city with the largest population growth rate. In recent years, a series of talent introduction policies and measures have achieved remarkable results. In 2020, Hangzhou has attracted 436,000 college students under the age of 35. The population of the province with a university education (referring to a college degree and above) reached 10,970,312, accounting for 16.99% of the total permanent population, an increase of 7.66 percent from 9.33% in 2010.
The quality of the population is steadily improving. Among the 43,265,300 working-age population (16-59 years old) in the province, 24.49% has a college education or above, which is 11.98% higher than in 2010 and 0.88% higher than the national average of 23.61%. At present, Zhejiang is still rich in labor resources, and the demographic dividend still exists, providing important support for the sustained development of the economy and society.
As the population increases, the size of the family is shrinking. The results of the census show that there are 25,508,606 family households and 1,872,244 collective households, with 58,830,838 people in family households, and 5,736,750 people in collective households in the province. There is an average of 2.35 persons in each household, a decrease of 0.27 persons from 2.62 persons in 2010.